Of all those in this illustrious line, jeffers was the most inspired by classical greek themes, literature, and culture. Jeffers, robinson 18871962 jeffers was an american narrative poet. The nursean old slavewoman, medeas nurse in childhood, now her devoted servant. Medea tragedy by euripides, freely adapted by robinson jeffers. Robinson jeffers10 january 1887 20 january 1962 john robinson jeffers was an american poet, known for his work about the central california coast. Medea pjocures the death of pelias by a trick, an act which forces both jason. In euripides drama medea, medea is motivated by hate. Less obvious is the pledge sworn by euphiletus, accused of murdering his wifes lover, to the slave woman who witnessed the activities of the illicit couple in. Medea and her sons are to be banished, but she begs a days reprieve. Robinson jefferss adaptation of medea starring judith. Robinson jeffers s adaptation of medea starring judith anderson. Full text of medea euripedes jeffers internet archive. The selected poerty of robinson jeffers internet archive.
Robinson jeffers 10 january 1887 20 january 1962 john robinson jeffers was an american poet, known for his work about the central california coast. Bibliographies lannee philologique for the yearly production of books and articles classical world 49. Schwartz, scholia in euripidem, berlin, 1891 reprinted, 1966. He hopes to advance his station by remarrying with glauce, the daughter of creon, king of. Medea ruth warshawsky director bernald szold jason lloyd jenkins nurse betty fowlston media of production. Medea is a verse adaptation of euripides drama and was created especially for the actress judith anderson. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Set design for medea i chose to use a thrust stage for medea because i want to be able to use the whole stage and engage all sides of the audience past the limits of a proscenium.
Read this article to see the power of jeffers translation. Medeas killing of her children can be juxtaposed to the attempted killing of the infant oedipus by his father and mother and the sacrifice of iphigeneia by agamemnon. Tamar poem by robinson jeffers poem hunter comments. Robinson jeffers medea analysis and watch this video of judith andersons famous performance. In seneca, medea functions as metaphor for the disorder of firstcentury rome.
Jeffers medea hates jason and acts out her revenge with the same intensity of emotion that characterizes euripides work. His poems were often structured around biblical and classical sources. The medea of euripides, from the text, and with a translation of the notes, of porson. Revenge and mythopoiesis in euripides medea article in transactions of the american philological association 81. She contrives to poison the princess bride with gifts that catch fire, consuming her and her father too when he tries to save her. The key decisions made in euripides play is jasons choice to leave medea and his children to marry glauce, and also medea choosing to kill her children. The selected poerty of robinson jeffers by jeffers,robinson. His father, william hamilton jeffers, was a professor of old testament biblical theology and a presbyterian minister. View essay medea analysis from engl 230 at mcgill university. Alcestis, medea, hippolytus hackett publishing company. Robinson jeffers adapted medea into a hit broadway play in 1947.
Ludlam used it often when writing his own ridiculous adaptation. The annual jeffers festival, october 68, 1995, will have as major theme the life and work of una jeffers. This is especially apparent in the sympathetic reactions of the chorus of corinthian women. Euripides initial presentation of medea is striking in its restraint. The 1,000page first volume of the collected letters, published by stanford university press, is an epistolary autobiography of one of americas greatest poets, robinson jeffers and his wife, una. This book is the first volume in what will be a threevolume, fully annotated edition that collects all of robinson jeffers letters and the most important of una jeffers letters. Euripides translated by diane arnson svarlien introduction and notes by robin mitchellboyask. Medea analysis lines 116 summary nurse recounts laments. Robinson jeffers 18871962 john robinson jeffers, the great poet of the american west coast, was born in the suburbs of pittsburgh, pennsylvania.
This article offers a rather different perspective. But despite changes in the conception of what constitutes a human and social being, all three dramatists share a. Apollo, god of song, lord of the lyre, never passed on the flame of. In many works of literature, the behavior of a character or group of characters is motivated by emotion. While many ofjeffers poetic works were highly engaged with contemporary political discourses, critical opinion has been united in seeing medea as fundamentally apolitical. The poetry of robinson jeffers read by judith anderson part 2.
Euripides tragic play medea, presents the betrayal of medea by her husband jason and the events that follow which are a result of passion, reason, and selfishness. Her hate causes her to do many hurtful things to jason and glause. Jason has abandoned his wife, medea, along with their two children. Discuss the way or ways you reacted to the different portrayal of the death of children as a literary motif in homer and then in euripides. Robinson jeffers author visit amazons robinson jeffers page. Page clarendon press, 1952 ps primary source a primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides firsthand or direct evidence on a topic. Medea by euripides comprehensive summary euripedes medea.
In seventeenthcentury france, corneilles medea illustrates the threat an independent, proud, and sanguinary nobility poses to the authority of the state. Robinson jeffers explained his own work and expressed his ideas on society and art in some detail in the forewords to the modern library edition. Cawdor and medea by robinson jeffers, 9780811200738, available at book depository with free delivery worldwide. I have also provided a link to the the robinson jeffers association which again in their words is, a community of persons interested in the life and work of the california poet robinson jeffers 18871962. Most of jeffers poetry was written in classic narrative and epic form, but today he is also known for his short verse, and considered an icon of the environmental movement. Reversal and recognition is used to achieve catharsis, a form of redemption for the tragic hero as well as for the audience who are moved to pity and fear. A strict disciplinarian and serious intellectual, the elder jeffers. Free medea as a tragic heroine essay exampleessays. See all 5 formats and editions hide other formats and editions.
The motivation of the main character in medea, a play by. Ia night the halfmoon was like a dancinggirlno like a drunkards last halfdollar. I applaud jeffers attempt to write a translation he feels will appeal to 21st century audiences. The medea of eubipides prcducers note this play of euripides was first produced in b. Charles ludlam was most familiar with robinson jeffers poetic translation of medea, especially the audiorecorded performance of judith anderson.
The tutoran old man, a slave, tutor to medea s children. Medea di robinson jeffers, scienze dellantichita 20, 2014, pp. I have just returned from california, where i attended the twentythird annual conference of the robinson jeffers association, which honors and examines the work of one of americas greatest poets. Volume one, comprised of letters written between 1890 and 1930, also contains a substantial introduction to jeffers life and work. In the first stasimon of medea, the chorus of corinthian women exalts medeas revenge as a palinode that will put an end to the misogynist tra. Medea by robinson jeffers, herman finkelstein collection. Readers of volume one will acquire a completely new understanding of. In her madness, medea reasons that she must kill her beloved children in order to avenge herself upon her husband. Jasonfamous hero and explorer, now settling toward middle age. An old slave woman, medea s nurse in childhood, now her devoted servant.
Robinson jeffers adaptation of euripides medea was a broadway hit in the late 1940s. Poet robinson jeffers and wife, una, tell their own story. Jeffers preserves the essence of euripidess work, yet he modernizes it in certain regards. Marianne mcdonald, a semilemmatized concordance to euripides medea, irvine, 1978 tlg publications. Great quotes quotes to live by me quotes motivational quotes inspirational quotes worth quotes funny karma quotes honor quotes random quotes. Buy medea by robinson jeffers, herman finkelstein collection library of congress online at alibris. Their combined genius made the play one of the outstanding. Full text of medea euripedes jeffers see other formats medea freely adapted from the medea of euripides by robinson jeffers samuel french, inc. The collected letters of robinson jeffers, with selected. I also lament the loss of the deus ex machine at the end. Robinson jeffers medea edmund richardson robinson jeffers adaptation of euripides medea was a broadway hit in the late 1940s. This new volume of three of euripides most celebrated plays. For decades it drew enough poets, students, and general readers to keep jeffersin spite of the almost total academic neglect that followed his fame in the 1920s and 1930sa force in american poetry.
The tutoran old man, a slave, tutor to medeas children. The robinson jeffers association constituted the second conference in carmel, meeting in carpenter hall on sunday and monday, october 1011. The nursean old slavewoman, medea s nurse in childhood, now her devoted servant. You will be reading euripidess medea, freely adapted by the 20th century american poet robinson jeffers. Euripides added his own unique plot elements to the myth while effortlessly marrying together several plot points. In 1938 random house published the selected poetry of robinson jeffers, a volume that would remain in print for more than fifty years. Jason having won the golden fleece from the igng of barbarian colchis with the help of that kings daughter, the princess medea, returns to iolcos his ancestral heritage usurped by his uncle pelias. I feel as though a thrust stage creates an intimate environment for the play even if the theater is. Robinson jeffers published four important books during this periodbe angry at the sun.
The modernized american version by robinson jeffers was con sidered and. This volume of correspondence, the last in a threevolume edition, spans a pivotal moment in american history. John robinson jeffers january 10, 1887 january 20, 1962 was an american poet, known for his work about the central california coast. Medea is a pathetic tragedy by aristotles definition. Freely adapted from the medea of euripides paperback january 1, 1948 by robinson jeffers author 5. While many of jeffers poetic works were highly engaged with contemporary political discourses, critical opinion has been united in seeing medea as fundamentally apolitical. Revenge and mythopoiesis in euripides medea 155 revenge and mythopoiesis in euripides medea marianne hopman northwestern university transactions of the american philological association 8 2008 155183 summary.1624 628 106 1165 27 354 496 212 555 1534 1266 724 1484 320 1310 60 900 1001 1107 1547 1545 1484 716 540 1090 920 996 1220 100 882 1281 1307 71 847 1092 1386